Relationship between atoms molecules elements and compounds for kids

relationship between atoms molecules elements and compounds for kids

Learn about the differences between atoms, elements and compounds with BBC elements, such as hydrogen and oxygen, join together to make molecules. An answer to the question: What is the difference between a compound and a A compound is a substance that is composed from two or more different elements . In general, electrons can be shared between atoms (a molecular bond) or. Compounds relate to atoms, molecules, and elements, because atoms form the molecules and are also the smallest form of elements that can.

Activity Determine how charged matter interacts.

relationship between atoms molecules elements and compounds for kids

Protons and neutrons occupy the nucleus, or center, of the atom. Electrostatic forces hold atoms together in molecules—like the two hydrogen atoms held together in H2 gas. Electrostatic forces also hold electrons and protons together in the atom.

The attraction between negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons in an atom give the atom its structure. The strong force holds neutrons and protons together in the nucleus.

BBC Bitesize - KS3 Chemistry - Atoms, elements and compounds - Revision 1

This force got its name because it is strong enough to overcome the force of the positively charged protons repelling each other. The number of electrons and protons in an atom determines its chemical properties. Chemical properties include the specific ways that atoms and molecules react and the energy that they release or use in these reactions. Size of Subatomic Particles One hundred million , hydrogen atoms put side-by-side equals about a centimeter.

This means it would take about one hundred billion ,, protons or neutrons put side-by-side to equal a centimeter. This means that it would take one hundred trillion ,, electrons put side-by-side to equal a centimeter! Neutral Atoms The subatomic particles in an atom determine the properties of the atom.

Exploring Our Fluid Earth

What is a Mixture? The mixture is a substance made by the physical combination of two or more different elements or compounds. A mixture does not involve any chemical reaction. So, if you mix the magnetized powder with sand, you get a mixture that can be separated physically by means of a magnet. It can be composed of solids, liquids or gases and can be classified into 6 different categories — homogenous, heterogeneous, solutions, alloys, suspensions, and colloids.

An evenly distributed mixture of water and ethanoic acid is called vinegar and can be termed as a homogenous mixture.

Atoms, Molecules, and Compounds |

When two or more substances are not evenly distributed in a mixture, like a blend of oil and water, the mixture is called heterogeneous. When salt is dissolved in water, you get a solution and when you combine two heterogeneous fluids containing solid particles that settle at the bottom, you get suspensions.

relationship between atoms molecules elements and compounds for kids

Colloids are formed when one substance in a heterogeneous mixture is evenly dispersed throughout the other substance, example milk.

Alloys are mixtures of one or more metals in a solid solution. Bronze, steel, and brass are common examples of alloys. I hope this helps all our students to clear their doubts about the differences between atoms, elements, molecules, and mixtures.

For Customized Lesson Plan? February 21, at For example all matter in the universe are made of atom, there are 92 atoms and 92 element in nature and example of element is gold, should we say that the same gold is an atom again then what is the difference between the two?

Matter is made of atoms example of matter is liquid, solid and gases, are these same things not substances, explain please. Metallic bonds occur between metal atoms. Physical and Chemical Traits of Compounds When we discuss phase changes in matterwe are looking at physical changes.

Physical forces alone unless you're inside of the Sun or something extreme rarely break down compounds completely.

relationship between atoms molecules elements and compounds for kids

You can apply heat to melt an ice cube, but there will be no change in the water molecules. You can also place a cup of water in a container and decrease the pressure.

The water will eventually boil, but the molecules will not change.

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Chemical changes in compounds happen when chemical bonds are created or destroyed. Forces act on the bonds between atoms, changing the molecular structure of a substance. You can pour liquid acid on a solid and watch the solid dissolve.

That process is a chemical change because molecular bonds are being created and destroyed. Geologists pour acids on rocks to test for certain compounds.

There are millions of different compounds around you. Probably everything you can see is one type of compound or another.

relationship between atoms molecules elements and compounds for kids

When elements join and become compounds, they lose many of their individual traits.