Resetting Pakistan’s Relations with Afghanistan | Crisis Group
National Geographic's map of Afghanistan and Pakistan is the most accurate and detailed reference map available for the region, covering these two countries. A Taliban fighter on the streets of Kunduz The perception that Pakistan controls the Afghan Taliban gives When the new Afghan President, Ashraf Ghani, won power in , he said improving the relationship with Pakistan was a top map. It is a highly complex geostrategic situation. Put at its most. Map indicating locations of Pakistan and Afghanistan · Pakistan · Afghanistan. Diplomatic Mission. Embassy of Pakistan, Kabul, Embassy of Afghanistan, Islamabad. Afghanistan–Pakistan relations involve bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan. . the main trade route between Afghanistan and the South Asia, especially for.
They were the main players in Operation Cyclonethe code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the multi-national mujahideen during the Soviet—Afghan Warto Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan began deteriorating in the s after Pakistan supported rebels such as Gulbuddin HekmatyarAhmad Shah Massoud Haqqanisand others against the governments of Afghanistan.
It’s Complicated: The Relationship Between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Taliban
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in Decemberthe United States joined Pakistan to counter Soviet influence and advance its own interests in the region. In turn, AfghanIndian and Soviet intelligence agencies played their role by supporting al-Zulfikar — a Pakistani leftist terrorist group responsible for the March hijacking of a Pakistan International Airlines PIA plane.
Its goal was to overthrow the military regime that ousted Bhutto. Pakistan became a major training ground for roughlyforeign mujahideen fighters who began crossing into Afghanistan on a daily basis to wage war against the communist Afghanistan and the Soviet forces.
Political Map of Afghanistan, Pakistan - Atlapedia® Online
The mujahideen included not only locals but also Arabs and others from over 40 different Islamic nations. Many of these foreign fighters married local women and decided to stay in Pakistan, among them were radical Muslims such those of Saudi-led Al-Qaeda and Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood as well as prisoners from Arab countries. There were no regular schools provided for the refugees but only madrasas in which students were trained to become members of the Taliban movement.
The Taliban claimed that they wanted to clean Afghanistan from the warlords and criminals. According to Pakistan and Afghanistan expert Ahmed Rashid"between andan estimated 80, toPakistanis trained and fought in Afghanistan" keeping the Taliban regime in power.
However, the relations began to decline when the Taliban refused to endorse the Durand Line despite pressure from Islamabad, arguing that there shall be no borders among Muslims. InAfghan President Hamid Karzai warned that " Iran and Pakistan and others are not fooling anyone" when it comes to interfering in his country. In the past we have suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us.
All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time. Relations have become more strained after the Afghan government began openly accusing Pakistan of using its ISI spy network in aiding the Taliban and other militants.
In JulyPakistani and Afghan forces clashed over border posts. The Afghan government claimed that Pakistani military established bases up to meters inside Afghanistan in the Yaqubi area near bordering Mohmand Agency.
The border area between Afghanistan and Pakistan has long been one of the most dangerous places in the world, due largely to very little government control. It is legal and common in the region to carry guns, and assault rifles and explosives are common. While most of the time the Taliban cross the Durand Line from Pakistan into Afghanistan and carry out attacks inside Afghan cities, sometimes they cross from the Afghanistan side of the border and attack Pakistani security forces and cities.
Recently, Taliban militants from Afghanistan's territory launched attacks on Pakistani border posts in which 34 Pakistani security forces were believed to be killed. Police said the attackers targeted a checkpost, destroyed two schools and several houses, while killing a number of civilians.
Border crossings are very common, especially among Pashtuns who cross the border to meet relatives or to work. Aziz said that Pakistan should not antagonize groups that pose no threat to it. In reference to the Afghan Taliban he argued: In a discussion with the author in early Dec. Lost credibility could form fractures within the Taliban leading to the creation of splinter groups. Even ideological differences within the Taliban may prevent the group from listening to Pakistan.
While many militants join the Taliban under radical Islamic motivations, others join for financial purposes or to exact revenge for personal grievances.
Illegal businesses — including the drug trade, timber, illegal mining, extortion, and taxing of development projects — not only serve as primary financial sources for the Afghan Taliban, but also inspire many to join the group.
Afghan and international forces causing civilian casualties and insulting cultural and Islamic values also boosts the recruitment of non-ideological militants. These militants, pursuing profit or revenge from the Afghan government, will continue fighting regardless of the political settlement. Taliban leadership also believes that agreeing to negotiate with the government at this juncture will cost them the current influence they have.Pak-Afghan Relations from 1947-2018_90