Peter and Wendy - Wikipedia
Follow the leader for a chance to meet the boy who never grew up! Peter Pan holds Wendy's hand while standing on the deck of a pirate ship. Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. Barrie mentions in Peter and Wendy that Peter Pan still had all his "first teeth". . While in Kensington Gardens, Peter meets a lost girl named Maimie. Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up or Peter and Wendy is J. M. Barrie' s most famous . Peter returns briefly, and he meets Mrs. Darling, who has agreed to adopt the Lost Boys. She offers to adopt Peter as well, but Peter refuses.
Wendy is often referred to as the "mother" of the Lost Boys and, while Peter also considers her to be his "mother", he takes on the "father" role, hinting that they play a married couple in their games. Several writers have stated that Barrie was the first to use the name Wendy in a published work, and that the source of the name was Barrie's childhood friend, Margaret Henley4-year-old daughter of poet William Ernest Henleywho pronounced the word "friend" as "Fwiendy", adapted by Barrie as "Wendy" in writing the play.
He gets along well with Wendy, but he often argues with Michael. He is fascinated with pirates, and he once thought of becoming "Redhanded Jack".
He dreams of living in an inverted boat on the sands, where he has no friends and spends his time shooting flamingos. He looks up to Peter Pan, but at times they clash due to Peter's nature of showing off.
He also looks up to his father and dreams of running his firm one day when he is grown up. The character of John was named after Jack Llewelyn Davies. He is approximately five years old, as he still wears the pinafores young Edwardian boys wear. He looks up to John and Wendy, dreaming of living in a wigwam where his friends visit at night.
He was named after Michael Llewelyn Davies. Darling is a pompous, blustering clerk in the City but kind at heart. Mary Darling is described as an intelligent, romantic lady. It is hinted that she knew Peter Pan before her children were born. Darling was named after the eldest Llewelyn Davies boy, Georgeand Mrs. Darling and Captain Hook are traditionally played by the same actor. Nana does not speak or do anything beyond the physical capabilities of a large dog, but acts with apparent understanding of her responsibilities.
The character is played in stage productions by an actor in a dog costume. Barrie based the character of Nana on his dog Luatha Newfoundland. Liza is the maidservant of the Darling family. She appears only in the first act, except in the musical in which she sees the Darling children fly off with Peter; when she tries stopping them, Michael sprinkles her with fairy dust and she ends up in Neverland.
She returns with the children at the end. She is given two musical numbers in this adaptation. Although he is often stupid, he is always the first to defend Wendy.
Ironically, he shoots her before meeting her for the first time because of Tinker Bell's trickery. He grows up to become a judge. In unreleased content for the play's epilogue, it is implied that Wendy married Tootles when they grew up. He says the only thing he remembers about his mother is she always wanted a cheque-book; he says he would love to give her one He's also the oldest and best looking Lost Boy.
He cuts whistles from the branches of trees, and dances to tunes he creates himself. Slightly is, apparently, a poor make-believer. He blows big breaths when he feels he is in trouble, and he eventually leads to Peter's almost-downfall.
In Disney's version of the story, he became "Cubby".
Inhabitants of Neverland[ edit ] Main article: Characters of Peter Pan Tiger Lily is the proud, beautiful princess of the Piccaninny tribe who are portrayed in a way now regarded as stereotypical. She is jealous of Wendy and Tinker Bell. Tiger Lily is nearly killed by Captain Hook when she is seen boarding the Jolly Roger with a knife in her mouth, but Peter saves her. Tinker Bell is Peter Pan's fairy. She is described as a common fairy who mends pots and kettles and, though she is sometimes ill-behaved and vindictive, at other times she is helpful and kind to Peter for whom she has romantic feelings.
The extremes in her personality are explained by the fact that a fairy's size prevents her from holding more than one feeling at a time. In Barrie's book, by Peter's first annual return for Wendy, the boy has forgotten about Tinker Bell and suggests that she "is no more" for fairies do not live long.
Captain James Hook is the vengeful pirate who lives to kill Peter Pan, not so much because Peter cut off his right hand, but because the boy is "cocky" and drives the genteel pirate to "madness". He is captain of the ship Jolly Roger. He attended Eton College before becoming a pirate and is obsessed with "good form". Hook meets his demise when a crocodile eats him. In the stage version, the same actor who plays Mr. Darling also plays this character.
Smee is an Irish nonconformist pirate. He is the boatswain of the Jolly Roger. Smee is one of only two pirates to survive Peter Pan's massacre. He then makes his living saying he was the only man James Hook ever feared.
Gentleman Starkey was once an usher at a public school. He is Captain Hook's first mate. Peter Pan gives Starkey's hat to the Never Bird to use as a nest. In the part of the story where Peter Pan and the Lost Boys built a house for Wendy on Neverland, Peter Pan stays up late that night to guard her from the pirates, but then the story says: Any of the other boys obstructing the fairy path at night they would have mischiefed, but they just tweaked Peter's nose and passed on.
They are described as being very beautiful and mysterious creatures but equally just as vain and malevolent. Barrie states in the novel Peter and Wendy that the mermaids are only friendly to Peter, and that they will intentionally splash or even attempt to drown anyone else if they come close enough.
It is especially dangerous for mortals to go to Mermaids' Lagoon at night, because that's when the mermaids sing hauntingly in the moonlight and utter strange wailing cries to attract potential victims. The Crocodile is Captain Hook's nemesis.
During a sword fight, Peter cut off Hook's right hand and fed it to a crocodile which followed Hook ever since, hungering for more.
The crocodile also swallowed a clock which ticking warns Hook of its presence.
Wendy Darling - Wikipedia
At the end of the story, Captain Hook falls into the crocodile's mouth and is swallowed whole. Peter has literally chosen not to make the transition from one to the other, and encourages the other children to do the same.
Barrie writes that when Peter thought he was going to die on Marooners' Rock, he felt scared, yet he felt only one shudder. With this blithe attitude, he says, "To die will be an awfully big adventure". In the play, the unseen and unnamed narrator ponders what might have been if Peter had stayed with Wendy, so that his cry might have become, "To live would be an awfully big adventure!
In Peter and Wendy, it is explained that Peter must forget his own adventures and what he learns about the world in order to stay childlike.
Peter's ability to fly is explained, but inconsistently. In The Little White Bird, he is able to fly because he is said to be part bird, like all babies. In the play and novel, he teaches the Darling children to fly using a combination of "lovely wonderful thoughts" and fairy dust. In Barrie's Dedication to the play Peter Pan, The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow up,  the author attributes the idea of fairy dust being necessary for flight to practical needs: Barrie Peter has an effect on the whole of Neverland and its inhabitants when he is there.
Barrie states that although Neverland appears different to every child, the island "wakes up" when Peter returns from his trip to London. He is a skilled swordsmanrivalling even Captain Hook, whose hand he cut off in a duel. He has remarkably keen vision and hearing. He is skilled in mimicry, copying the voice of Hook and the ticking of the clock in the crocodile.
Peter has the ability to imagine things into existence and he is able to feel danger when it is near. In Peter and Wendy, Barrie states that the Peter Pan legend Mrs Darling heard as a child was that when children died, he accompanied them part of the way to their destination so they would not be frightened. This is a role similar to the Greek god Hermes as a psychopomp. In the original play, Peter states that no one must ever touch him though he does not know why.
The stage directions specify that no one does so throughout the play.
Peter Pan - Wikipedia
Wendy approaches Peter to give him a "kiss" thimblebut is prevented by Tinker Bell. However, John Caird and Trevor Nunn's introduction to the script for the Royal National Theatre production, states that this was never Barrie's original intention, and was only added for a production inwhere Jean Forbes-Robertson took the title role, and played the part with a lighter, more fairy-like, physicality .
Robertson was to play the part almost every year until Cultural allusions[ edit ] The character's name comes from two sources: Peter Llewelyn Daviesone of the five Llewelyn Davies boys who inspired the story, and Pana minor deity of Greek mythology who plays pipes to nymphs and is part human and part goat.
This is referenced in Barrie's works particularly Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens where Peter Pan plays pipes to the fairies and rides a goat. The god Pan represents Nature or Man's natural state in contrast to Civilisation and the effects of upbringing on human behaviour.
Peter Pan is a free spirit, being too young to be burdened with the effects of education or to have an adult appreciation of moral responsibility.