Lower Platte River environment
These join to form the Platte River near image upper right. on the thin, green lines of the floodplains of the North and South Platte rivers. Map showing the Platte River watershed, including the North Platte In the middle of the Central Flyway (a primary North-South Corridor for. Answer to the trivia question 'The North Platte and The South Platte Rivers join to form the Platte River. Near what city do the North and South Platte meet?'.
The stream contains brown and brook trout. Parking off of US just past CR 22 when travelling south. This is a slow, meandering stream.
Contains wild browns trout and stocked rainbows. North Fork of the South Platte River: Most of the North Fork fishing access is on private property with only a few of pullouts located North on US most near Bailey.
There are several well know fishing properties along this upper section that offer opportunities to catch some huge trout. Many fly fishing shops in Denver offer the opportunity to fish these properties with one of their guides. Geneva Creek runs along the side of the road. Just north of the Burning Bear campground, several creeks merge with Geneva Creek. Lower Section Again, much of this land between Bailey and the town of Pine is private property with private fishing club access only.
This section offers a couple of miles of fishing access. The park is located just up river from the town of Pine and includes public parking, toilets and picnic facilities. From Buffalo Creek to the confluence of the North Fork with the South Platte there are numerous pull offs and parking areas for fishing. Much of the water is fast and runs through narrows with large boulders, pocket water and deep pools.
Most of this area does not have a catch and release policy so the fish may be on the smaller side. These areas offer miles of fishing opportunities with each section providing their own unique character. It is a true tailwater fishery.
Access this area from Hartsel by driving east Turn south onto CR 23 and travel 2. Turn east onto CR 59 and continue for 2. Then turn south, staying on CR Travel one mile to the entrance. There are three parking areas in this section. In addition, one can drive into the state park and drive across the reservoir and park at an additional parking facility.
Since there were few fur-bearing animals on the Platte of interest to the fur tradersthe French and British explorers and fur trappers ignored the Platte territory for some time. During the course of the Napoleonic Wars —France briefly reacquired the land west of the Mississippi River from Spain. In the U. Army ordered Major Stephen H. Long to explore and map the area around the Platte.
Long reported the area as a great American "desert," ignoring that the "desert" provided habitat for more than a million buffalo and numerous American Indians had long lived in the area.
As a result of his and other reports, the US initially had little interest in settling the land on the plains. The next "good" land was believed to be in Oregon or Californiaespecially the coastal areas, and those were the destinations of most emigrant traffic. The Mormons settled Utahlargely due to religious persecution in eastern areas. Various gold and silver strikes attracted further emigration to nearly all western states. Because few American trappers and settlers were then in the contested Oregon Territoryhis trail discovery was little used and nearly forgotten.
In Jedediah Smith and several trappers "rediscovered" the route. The trail along the Platte, North Platte and Sweetwater rivers became a major route of fur traders to their summer Rocky Mountain Rendezvous.
In fur trappers and traders directing mule trains carrying trade goods and supplies for the mountain men were some of the first European-American parties to use the trail. On their return trip, the fur traders carried out for furs destined for eastern markets. The fur trade route was used to about By aboutthe fur traders had improved the trail along the Platte, North Platte, and Sweetwater rivers to a rough wagon trail from the Missouri River to the Green River in Wyoming, where most of the Rocky Mountain Rendezvous were held.
In Benjamin Bonnevillea U. Army officer on leave, led an expedition to the west financed by John Jacob Astor. The notable author Washington Irving wrote an account of Bonneville's explorations in the west that made him well known in the US.
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Western trails in Nebraska. Fort Kearny is the black dot. Following the fur traders, the major emigration trails established along the north and south banks of the Platte and North Platte River were the Oregon —California —Mormon — and the Bozeman —68 trails. The route along the Platte River included all these emigration trails and was developed as an important trail route used by migrant wagon trains for westward United States expansion after The settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute with Britain inthe conclusion of the Mexican—American War inand the California Gold Rush in and other gold and silver strikes rapidly attracted increased emigrant traffic west.
The waterways were often too shallow, crooked, muddy and unpredictable for a canoe to travel far. The Platte River valley provided an easily passable wagon corridor; it sloped gradually up in height as it went almost due west from the Missouri. The Platte route had access to water, grass, buffalo and buffalo 'chips,' which the Indians and emigrants used as fuel for fires.
The Platte's water was silty and bad tasting, but it was usable if no other water was available. Emigrants learned to let it sit in a bucket for an hour or so to settle most of the silt. Historians have estimated aboutemigrants followed the trails along the Platte. The Pony Expressoperational from —61, and the First Transcontinental Telegraphcompleted inboth followed the earlier emigrant trails along the Platte. The Eagle Canyon-Chase Canyon through valley was eroded by a south-southeast oriented flood flow channel prior to headward erosion of the deep southeast oriented North Platte River valley to the north of figure 6.
The south-southeast valley draining to the south center edge of figure 6 is Brule Canyon, which south of figure 6 also drains to the east-northeast oriented South Platte River.
A through valley near the corner of sections 28, 29, 32, and 33 near northwest corner of figure 6 links the south-southeast oriented Brule Canyon valley with north oriented North Platte River tributary valleys. The through valley floor elevation at the drainage divide is between and feet.
Fly Fishing Colorado's South Platte River
Elevations east of the through valley rise to feet and north and west of figure 6 elevations rise to feet. These elevations suggest the through valley is only be 34 feet deep, although the valley and the deeper south-southeast oriented Brule Canyon valley provide evidence of a south-southeast oriented flood flow channel that existed prior to headward erosion of the southeast oriented North Platte River valley to the north.
Headward erosion of the deep southeast oriented North Platte River valley north of figure 6 beheaded the south-southeast oriented Chase Canyon and Brule Canyon flood flow channels and floodwaters on north ends of the beheaded flood flow channels reversed flow direction to create north oriented North Platte River tributary drainage routes. North Platte River-Ash Hollow drainage divide area. Figure 7 illustrates the North Platte River-Ash Hollow drainage divide area north and west of figure 5 and there is no overlap area with figure 5.
The map contour interval for figure 7 is 10 meters. The North Platte River flows in a southeast direction across the northeast corner of figure 7. Ash Hollow meanders in an east direction from the west edge of figure 7 south of center to the east edge of figure 7 south of center and east of figure 7 turns to drain in a north direction to join the southeast oriented North Platte River.
Some of these tributaries are oriented in northeast directions, but others are oriented in northwest directions and join the North Platte River as barbed tributaries.
In addition to the northwest oriented tributaries there are shallow northwest to southeast oriented valleys and low northwest to southeast oriented ridges extending across the upland surface between the North Platte River and Ash Hollow and continuing south of Ash Hollow to the south edge of figure 7. The northwest oriented tributaries and the northwest to southeast oriented shallow valleys and low ridges are evidence the upland surface was crossed by southeast oriented flood flow prior to headward erosion of the deep southeast oriented North Platte River valley.
Headward erosion of the North Platte River valley captured the southeast oriented flood flow and floodwaters on northwest ends of beheaded flood flow routes reversed flow direction to flow in north and northwest directions to the much deeper North Platte River valley.
The northeast oriented North Platte River tributary valleys e. Note how northwest oriented tributaries flow to the north-northeast oriented North Platte River tributary near Eagles Cliff. Ash Hollow-Walrath Draw drainage divide area Figure 8: Ash Hollow-Walrath Draw drainage divide area. Figure 8 provides a topographic map of the Ash Hollow-Walrath Draw drainage divide area south of figure 7 and includes an overlap area with figure 7. The map contour interval for figure 8 is 10 meters.
Ash Hollow meanders in an east direction near the north edge of figure 8. East of figure 8 Ash Hollow turns to drain in a north direction to the southeast oriented North Platte River. Walrath Draw drains in a northeast direction from the west edge of figure 8 north of centerbut once in figure 8 quickly turns to drain in a southeast, east, and southeast direction to the south edge of figure 8.
South of figure 8 Walrath Draw continues to drain in a southeast direction to join the northeast oriented South Platte River. A north-northwest to south-southeast oriented linear ridge can be seen in the east half of figure 8 and southeast oriented tributaries join Walrath Draw in the south center region of figure 8.
The linear ridge and the southeast oriented Walrath Draw drainage route and tributary drainage routes were created by southeast and south-southeast oriented flood flow moving across the present day North Platte River-South Platte River drainage divide prior to headward erosion of the east oriented Ash Hollow valley, which was prior to headward erosion of the much deeper southeast oriented North Platte River valley.
Headward erosion of the east oriented Ash Hollow valley probably occurred as headward erosion of the deeper southeast oriented North Platte River valley was beheading flood flow routes crossing the region in figure 8 and the east oriented Ash Hollow drainage route was probably created by floodwaters draining to a much deeper north oriented North Platte River tributary valley.
At the same time the southeast oriented Walrath Draw drainage route was probably created as final floodwaters drained in a southeast direction to the deeper northeast oriented South Platte River valley.
Rush Creek-Ash Hollow drainage divide area Figure 9: Rush Creek-Ash Hollow drainage divide area. Figure 9 illustrates the Rush Creek-Ash Hollow drainage divide area west and slightly north of figure 7 and there is an overlap area with figure 7. The map contour interval for figure 9 is 10 meters. The southeast oriented North Platte River valley crosses the northeast corner of figure 9 with the North Platte River located north and east of figure 9. McCuligan Canyon is the north-northeast and north oriented North Platte River tributary in the northeast corner of figure 9 and was seen earlier in figure 7 although the name was not visible.
The southeast, east-northeast, and east-southeast oriented stream in the southeast quadrant of figure 9 is Ash Hollow, which east of figure 9 drains in an east and north direction to join the southeast oriented North Platte River. Several southeast oriented tributaries can be seen flowing to east oriented Ash Hollow. Rush Creek flows in a north-northeast and north direction from the west edge of figure 9 south of center to the north edge of figure 9 west half. North of figure 9 Rush Creek flows in a north direction to join the southeast oriented North Platte River as a barbed tributary.
Rush Creek tributaries from the northwest and west are oriented in southeast and south-southeast directions and join north oriented Rush Creek as barbed tributaries while Rush Creek tributaries from the east and southeast are oriented in northwest and north-northwest directions.
The north-northeast oriented Rush Creek valley segment seen in figure 9 eroded headward across southeast or south-southeast oriented flood flow moving to the South Platte River valley and which was being captured by headward erosion of the east oriented Ash Hollow valley. Floodwaters on northwest ends of beheaded flood flow routes reversed flow direction to flow to the much deeper Rush Creek valley and to create the northwest and north-northwest oriented Rush Creek tributary drainage routes.
Southeast oriented flood flow moving into the newly eroded Rush Creek valley created the southeast and south-southeast oriented Rush Creek tributary drainage routes, but was soon beheaded by headward erosion of the much deeper southeast oriented North Platte River valley.
Detailed map of Rush Creek barbed tributaries Figure Detailed map of Rush Creek barbed tributaries. Figure 10 provides a detailed topographic map of the Rush Creek barbed tributaries seen in less detail in figure 9. The map contour interval for figure 10 is 20 feet. The north to south oriented dashed line near the west edge of figure 10 is the Cheyenne-Garden County line with Cheyenne County west of Garden County.
Rush Creek flows in a north-northeast, northeast, north, and north-northeast direction from the southwest corner of figure 10 to the north center edge of figure North of figure 10 Rush Creek flows in a north direction to join the southeast oriented North Platte River as a barbed tributary.
Rush Creek tributaries from the east and southeast are oriented in northwest and north-northwest directions. Rush Creek tributaries from the west and northwest are oriented in south-southeast and southeast directions. For example a south-southeast oriented tributary flows from the west edge of figure 10 north half across section 28 to join north and northeast oriented Rush Creek near the south edge of section A southeast oriented tributary joins Rush Creek at approximately the same location.